If you've been diagnosed with an internal bowel disease (IBD), you're probably all too familiar with the symptoms: abdominal pain, diarrhea, and fatigue, just to name a few. There are different types of IBD, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and the specific medication used to treat IBD will depend on the type and severity of the condition. However, there are some common types of IBD medications that are used to manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life.
So, how exactly do these medications work? Let's take a closer look.
What is IBD?
First, it's important to understand that IBD is a complex condition that can be caused by a variety of factors. In some cases, it may be due to an overactive immune system that attacks healthy cells in the digestive tract. In others, it may be the result of a genetic predisposition or environmental factors.
Regardless of the cause, the goal of IBD medication is to reduce inflammation in the digestive tract and to manage the symptoms of the disease. This can be accomplished through a variety of different mechanisms, depending on the specific medication.
Types of medication
One common type of medication used to treat IBD is aminosalicylates, which are drugs that contain compounds called 5-aminosalicylic acids (5-ASAs). These drugs work by reducing inflammation in the digestive tract and can be taken orally or as a rectal suppository.
Another type of medication used to treat IBD is corticosteroids, which are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs can be taken orally or administered as an enema, suppository, or injection, and they work by reducing inflammation throughout the body.
In addition to aminosalicylates and corticosteroids, other medications used to treat IBD include immunomodulators, which work by modulating the immune system to reduce inflammation in the digestive tract, and biologic therapies, which are proteins that target specific components of the immune system to reduce inflammation.
Overall, the goal of IBD medications is to reduce inflammation and prevent the body from attacking the digestive tract, which can help to alleviate symptoms and improve overall quality of life. With the right treatment plan, you can live a happy and healthy life with IBD.
It's important to note that no two people with IBD are the same, and the specific medications and treatment plans will vary from person to person. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best course of action.